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Psycho Leadership in World History – Glimpse

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Negative Leaders in World History

Adolf Hitlor

Adolf Hitlor was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated World War II and oversaw fascist policies that resulted in millions of deaths.  Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as dictator from 1934 to 1945. His policies precipitated World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler committed suicide with wife Eva Braun on April 30, 1945, in his Berlin bunker.  Under his leadership, the world suffered immense losses and brought the world to a halt.

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign. Born into poverty, Stalin as a young man became involved in revolutionary politics and criminal activities.   After Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) died, Stalin crushed his rivals for control of the party. Once in power, he organized public farming  He had potential enemies executed or sent to forced labor camps. Stalin aligned with the United States and Britain in World War II (1939-1945) but afterward engaged in an increasingly tense relationship with the West known as the Cold War (1946-1991). After his death, the Soviets initiated a de-Stalinization process.

Pol Pot

Pol Pot  (1925-1998) and his communist Khmer Rouge movement led Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. During that time, about 1.5 million Cambodians out of a total population of 7 to 8 million died of starvation, execution, disease or overwork. Some estimates place the death toll even higher. One detention center, S-21, was so notorious that only seven of the roughly 20,000 people imprisoned there are known to have survived. The Khmer Rouge, in their attempt to socially engineer a classless peasant society, took particular aim at intellectuals, city residents, ethnic Vietnamese, civil servants and religious leaders. An invading Vietnamese army deposed the Khmer Rouge in 1979, and, despite years of guerilla warfare, they never took power again. Pol Pot died in 1998 without ever being brought to justice.  Montains of Skeletons were found around his place after his death.

Idi Amin

General Idi Amin overthrew the elected government of Milton Obote in 1971 .  He declared himself president of Uganda, launching a ruthless regime for eight years in which an estimated 300,000 civilians were massacred. He expelled  all Indian and Pakistani citizens in 1972.  This brought disaster to his economy along with increasing military expenditures and the impact of which lasted decades. In 1979 his reign of terror came to an end as Ugandan exiles and Tanzanians took control of the capital of Kampala, forcing Amin to flee. Never brought to justice for his heinous crimes, Idi Amin lived out the remainder of his life in Saudi Arabia.

 

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi the leader of the Islamic State (IS) militant group. The organization under his leadership is known for killing people and terrorizing the world with several bombing incidences across the world.  It is claiming to wage a holy war (Jihad) against non muslims even though Islam preaches peace.

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